What Is a Conveyor System?

A conveyor system is a fast and efficient mechanical handling equipment for automatically transporting loads and materials within an area. This system minimizes human error, lowers workplace risks, and reduces labor costs — among other benefits. They are useful in helping to move bulky or heavy items from one point to another. A conveyor system may use a belt, wheels, rollers, or a chain to transport objects.

How do conveyor systems work?

Typically, conveyor systems consist of a belt tensioned across two or more pulleys. The belt forms a closed loop around the pulleys, so it can continually rotate. One pulley, known as the drive pulley, drives or tows the belt, moving items from one location to another.

The most common conveyor system designs use a rotor to power the drive pulley and belt. The belt remains attached to the rotor through the friction between the two surfaces. For the belt to move effectively, both the drive pulley and idler must run in the same direction, either clockwise or counterclockwise.

While conventional conveyor systems such as moving walkways and grocery store conveyors are straight, sometimes, the unit needs to turn to deliver the items to the proper location. For the turns, there are unique cone-shaped wheels or rotors which allow the belt to follow a bend or twist without getting tangled.

Advantages of Conveyor Systems :

  • Can safely transport materials from one level to another through elevated conveyors, This saves a lot of time & human efforts
  • Can be installed in most situations while usually being able to add value and increase the safety of the workplace due to automation, failsafe’s, and safeguards
  • Conveyors can move high quantities of items in various shapes, sizes, and weights.
  • Have advanced safety features that prevent accidents and injuries while increasing throughput of the system
  • Variety of options to run the conveying systems, including the hydraulic, mechanical, and fully automated systems which are equipped to fit individual needs
  • Conveyors can move in both directions. This is very useful when materials need to be moved between opposite ends of a manufacturing unit during the manufacturing process.
  • Conveyors offer unlimited opportunities to continuously load and unload items over a long period of time.
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